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Imibuzo Evame Ukubuzwa Ekungenisweni Kwamanye Amazwe Amakhemikhali Anobungozi Nokuhlolwa Kokupakisha

Isimemezelo Esijwayelekile Sokuphathwa Kwamasiko Nomb. 129 we-2020 "Isimemezelo Sezinkinga Eziphathelene Nokungenisa Nokuthekelisa Kwamanye Amakhemikhali Anobungozi Nokuhlola Kokupakisha kanye Nokuqondisa" sesiqalisiwe. Amasiko athole ukubonisana ngebhizinisi ngokulandelana kusuka ezinkampanini eziningi zokungenisa nokuthekelisa, Ngokukhethekile khetha imibuzo eyi-9 emele phakathi kwabo. Ngemibuzo ethile, sizolungisa izimpendulo zemibuzo ebuzwa njalo mayelana nokuhlolwa kanye nokuqashwa kwamakhemikhali anobungozi wokungenisa nokuthekelisa kanye nokupakishwa kwawo ukuze kubhekiswe izinkampani ezifanele.

1.Ngabe kufanele kwenziwe ukuhlolwa kwamakhemikhali anobungozi angeniswe ngenqubo yokuhweba?

A: Amakhemikhali ayingozi ahilela izindaba zokuphepha. Ngakho-ke, ngokomthetho, amakhemikhali anobungozi angeniswe ngezindlela ezahlukahlukene zokuhweba adinga ukuhlolwa, futhi amakhemikhali anobungozi angeniswe ngokucubungula ukuhweba nawo adinga ukuhlolwa ngokuhambisana nezidingo zokuhlolwa kwamakhemikhali eziyingozi zokungenisa nokuthekelisa.

2.Ishidi lemininingwane yokuphepha ketshezi elixutshiwe likhombisa ukuthi i-flash point "ayisebenzi". Ngabe kungahlulelwa ukuthi akuyona eyamakhemikhali abhalwe ohlwini lwamakhemikhali ayingozi (i-2015 Edition)?

A: Inhlanganisela iqale iseshwe ngezakhi zayo eziyinhloko ngokubhekisele entweni emsulwa ukubona ukuthi kukhona yini ukuhlanganiswa okuhlanganisiwe kwe-XXX (okufana nenhlanganisela engu-124 "propyne and propadiene [solid]", 276 "polybrominated diphenyl ether mix", njll. .), Uma kukhona into ehambisanayo, kwahlulelwa ukuthi kungokwayo leyo nto;

Uma ingekho into ehambisanayo, kuncike kakhulu ekutheni i-flash point ingaphansi noma ilingana no-60 ℃, futhi ukuvumelana kuthathwa njengokwe-Article 2828 ye- "Dangerous Chemical Catalog (2015 Edition)"

Isahlulelo esijwayelekile esingahlangabezani nale mibandela eshiwo ngenhla ukuthi asisiwo amakhemikhali asohlwini lwe- "Hazardous Chemicals Catalog (2015 Edition)".

4. Ngabe kuyadingeka yini ukuthi ukuthekelisa amakhemikhali kuthunyelwe kwamanye amazwe kudinga ukuthi amabhizinisi ahlinzeke ngemibiko yokuhlukanisa nokuhlonza izici eziyingozi?

I-A: Ngokusho kwe- "Announcement of the General Administration of Customs on Issuesning the Inspection and Supervision of Import and Export of Hazardous Chemicals and Their Packaging" (Isimemezelo No. 129 ngo-2020), umbiko wokwahlukanisa nokuhlonza izici eziyingozi kuyinto izinto ezibalulekile zokumenyezelwa kwamakhemikhali anobungozi angathunyelwa kwamanye amazwe, njengokunquma izimpahla Amabhizinisi kufanele ahlinzeke ngamakhemikhali asohlwini lwe- "Dangerous Chemical Catalog (2015 Edition)".

Kukhona kuphela uhlamvu "UN" kwiphakethe. Ngabe iyahlangabezana nezimfuneko ngaphandle kombuthano?

A:Uphawu lokupakisha lwe-UN lusetshenziselwa ukufakazela ukuthi isitsha sokupakisha sihambisana nezidingo ze-UN "Izincomo Zokuthuthwa Kwezimpahla Eziyingozi, Imithethonqubo Yemodeli". Uphawu olujwayelekile lokupakisha ungumbhalo omncane u "u" no "n" ahlelwe phezulu naphansi embuthanweni, kepha ukupakisha kwensimbi, kungashintshwa ngqo ngamagama amakhulu abunjiwe "UN". Esitimeleni nasekuthuthweni komgwaqo, izimpawu "RID" ne- "ADR" nazo zingasetshenziswa esikhundleni salokho.

6. Ngabe kunesidingo sokuhlinzeka ngombiko wokuhlukanisa nokuhlonza wezimpawu ezinobungozi zamakhemikhali ayingozi angenisiwe?

A: Amasiko awaqoqi umbiko wokuhlukanisa nokuhlonza wezimpawu ezinobungozi zamakhemikhali ayingozi angenisiwe

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7.Ingabe ukwenziwa kophawu kwamaphakheji amancane amakhemikhali anobungozi kungenziwa lula?

I-A: Ngokusho kwe- "Provisions for the Preparation of Chemical Safety Labels" (GB 15258-2009), yamaphakheji amancane amakhemikhali angaphansi noma alingana no-100mL, ukuze kube lula ukufaka ilebula, izinto zelebula lezokuphepha zingenziwa zibe lula, kufaka phakathi ukukhonjwa kwamakhemikhali, ama-pictograms, namagama wesiginali, isitatimende se-Hazard, ucingo lokubonisana oluphuthumayo, igama lomhlinzeki kanye nenombolo yocingo yokuxhumana, kanye nemininingwane kungadluliselwa olimini olusheshayo.

Ngabe ibhizinisi lebhizinisi lezimpahla eliyingozi lidinga ukufaka isicelo kumasiko wokuhlola ukusetshenziswa kwephakeji yezimpahla eziyingozi?

I-A: Ngokusho kwe- "Import and Export Commodity Inspection Law of the People's Republic of China" kanye nemithethonqubo yokusebenza kwayo, amabhizinisi akhiqiza izimpahla eziyingozi kumele afake isicelo kwi-ejensi yokuhlola izimpahla ukuze kuhlolwe ukusetshenziswa kweziqukathi zokupakisha. Ukulinganiswa kokusetshenziswa kokufakwa kwempahla okuyingozi kuzophathwa yibhizinisi lokukhiqiza izimpahla eliyingozi kumasiko endawo.

9. Yini ubukhulu bokuhlolwa kokungeniswa nokuthekelelwa kwamakhemikhali ayingozi?

I-A: Ngokusho kwe- "Regulations on the Safety Management of Hazardous Chemicals" (i-Oda No. 591 yoMkhandlu Wezwe) kanye ne- "Ukumenyezelwa Kokulawulwa Okujwayelekile Kwamasiko Ezihlokweni Ngokuphathelene Nokuhlolwa Nokuqashwa Kokungeniswa Nokuthunyelwa Kwamanye Amazwe Amakhemikhali Anobungozi kanye Ukupakisha kwabo "(Isimemezelo esinguNombolo 129 sango-2020), amasiko akhona manje enza ukuhlolwa kwamakhemikhali anobungozi wokungenisa nokuthekelisa abhalwe ohlwini lwe-" Dangerous Chemicals Catalog (2015 Edition) ".


Isikhathi Iposi: 28-07-21

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