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Izindaba

Inqubo yokuthekelisa ulwandle nge-sodium hydroxide nezinyathelo zokuzivikela

I-sodium hydroxide, eyaziwa nangokuthi i-caustic soda ne-caustic soda, ifomula lamakhemikhali yi-NaOH, uhlobo lwe-alkali eqinile ene-corrosivity ephezulu, ngokuvamile i-flake emhlophe noma i-particle, ingaqedwa emanzini ukuze yenze isisombululo se-alkaline, futhi ingaqedwa ku-methanol futhi i-ethanol. I-sodium hydroxide ine-deliquescence, engakwazi ukumunca umusi wamanzi emoyeni, futhi ibuye imunce amagesi e-asidi afana ne-carbon dioxide ne-sulfur dioxide.

Imvelo

I-sodium hydroxide ibola kakhulu, iqinile noma isisombululo sayo singashisa isikhumba, esingadala ukulimala unomphela (okufana nesibazi) kulabo abangenazo izindlela zokuzivikela. Uma i-sodium hydroxide ivezwa emehlweni ngqo, okungathí sina kungadala ubumpumputhe. Izindlela zokuzivikela, njengamagilavu ​​wenjoloba, izingubo zokuzivikela nezibuko, zinganciphisa kakhulu ingozi yokuthintana ne-sodium hydroxide

Inhloso

I-sodium hydroxide isetshenziswa kabanzi. Isetshenziselwa ukukhiqizwa kwephepha, insipho, udayi, i-rayon, ukucwenga uwoyela, ukuqeda ukotini, ukuhlanzwa komkhiqizo wamalahle, ukucubungula ukudla, ukucubungula izinkuni kanye nemboni yemishini.

I-sodium hydroxide isetshenziswa kakhulu emnothweni wezwe, imikhakha eminingi yezimboni idinga i-sodium hydroxide. Imikhakha esebenzisa kakhulu i-sodium hydroxide yenziwa ngamakhemikhali, ilandelwa ukwenziwa kwephepha, ukuncibilikisa i-aluminium, ukuncibilikisa i-tungsten, i-rayon, ukotini wokufakelwa nensipho. Ngaphezu kwalokho, ekukhiqizeni odayi, amapulasitiki, amakhemikhali kanye nabaxhumanisi bemvelo, ukuvuselelwa kwerabha endala, i-electrolysis yensimbi yensimbi namanzi, kanye nokukhiqizwa kasawoti wezinto ezingaphili, inani elikhulu le-soda ebusayo lisetshenziselwa ukukhiqizwa I-borax, i-chromate, i-manganate, i-phosphate, njll. Ngesikhathi esifanayo, i-sodium hydroxide ingenye yezinto ezibalulekile zokukhiqiza i-polycarbonate, i-super absorbent polymer, i-zeolite, i-epoxy resin, i-sodium phosphate, i-sodium sulfite nenani elikhulu le-sodium usawoti.

Izidingo Zokuhamba Komhlaba

Okokuqala, umthombo awukwazi ukuhanjiswa ngamathini e-aluminium noma i-zinc, ngoba i-sodium hydroxide iyisisekelo esiqinile, futhi isixazululo sayo sizosabela nge-aluminium ne-zinc ukwakha igesi le-hydrogen, i-sodium metaaluminate noma i-metazincate ye-sodium

Okwesibili, uphawu bese ugcwalisa! Ngoba uma kukhona umoya, i-sodium hydroxide izokwehla! Kwakhiwa i-sodium carbonate namanzi

Okwesithathu, kuqala i-nitrogen, i-oksijini nenye igesi evikelayo ethangini, ukhiphe umoya ngangokunokwenzeka, bese ufaka isisombululo se-sodium hydroxide, ukhiphe kancane igesi evikelayo, bese uvala ukuthuthwa.

Ukuqapha Kwe-Sodium Hydroxide Export NguLwandle

news-1

Isigaba sengozi enkulu: 8

UN: 1823

Isigaba sephakheji: Iphakethe lesigaba II

Ikhodi ye-HS: 281510000

Imibhalo yokuthekelisa i-sodium hydroxide olwandle

1. Ukubheka
Amandla okubhuka abameli: ngaphezu kwemininingwane yabathumeli nabathumeliwe, into ebaluleke kakhulu ukuchaza ngokusobala isisindo esikhulu, isisindo senetha, ifomu lokupakisha kanye nokupakisha kwangaphakathi kocezu olulodwa
(qaphela ukuthi ukubhuka kwezinto eziyingozi ezithunyelwa kwamanye amazwe kudinga ukwenziwa kusasele izinsuku eziyishumi ngaphambi kwesikhathi. Idatha yokubhuka yezimpahla eziyingozi kumele ibe neqiniso futhi ingaguqulwa.)

2.MSDS ngesiNgisi
I-MSDS (abanikazi bemikhumbi bazogxila ezintweni ezibonakalayo nezamakhemikhali nezinto zokuhamba, ezinquma ubunikazi babanikazi bemikhumbi. Ngokwemvelo bazokwazi ukugxila ekusebenzeni kwezokuthutha)
Qaphela: I-sodium hydroxide ingeyesigaba 8 sezimpahla eziyingozi, i-UN 1823, isigaba II sefomu lesimemezelo sesitifiketi esiyingozi

Ngamandla abameli kanye ne-MSDS, ungabhuka isikhala sezimpahla eziyingozi. Ngokuvamile izinsuku ezimbili zokusebenza zingabelwa.

Isitifiketi sephakethe esiyingozi
(ifaka phakathi ishidi lokusebenza kanye nesitifiketi sokusetshenziswa. Ishidi lokusebenza lilula futhi linganikezwa abakhiqizi abangenza ukupakisha okujwayelekile. Kodwa-ke, isitifiketi sokusetshenziswa sinzima kakhulu, ngakho-ke sidinga ukuya ekuhloleni kwempahla yendawo Ihhovisi lefektri lizofaka isicelo sokuhlonza i-IMI kanye nephepha lokusebenza.)

Isimemezelo sezimpahla eziyingozi
Isinyathelo esilandelayo ukumemezela izimpahla eziyingozi. Ngokuya ngezidingo zezinkampani ezahlukahlukene zokuthumela kanye nama-ejensi wokuthumela, izinto zokumenyezelwa zingathunyelwa ngokuya ngomnqamulajuqu wakamuva ngaphambi kwesimemezelo. Isimemezelo sezimpahla eziyingozi ikakhulukazi ukubuyekeza iphakethe, ngakho-ke umqulu obaluleke kakhulu isitifiketi sezimpahla eziyingozi.
Izinto zokumemezela eziyingozi: isitifiketi sephakethe esiyingozi sokuqala, i-English MSDS, uhlu lokupakisha, isitifiketi sokupakisha, amandla okumenyezelwa kommeli

Ukulungiselela ukuthutha nokupakisha kuyingxenye ebalulekile
Lesi sixhumanisi singahlukaniswa sibe izindlela ezimbili zokusebenza: ukulayishwa kwempahla yokugcina impahla kanye nesango lefektri i-Point Trailer
Uma ilayishwe endaweni yokugcina izimpahla, udinga ukwenza isaziso sokungena esitolo sokuqinisekisa isikhathi sokulethwa esitolo kanye nekhasimende
Uma kusetshenziswa i-trailer yomnyango wefektri, kufanele ihanjiswe yimikhumbi eneziqu zezimpahla eziyingozi. Umphathi womshayeli kufanele abe ngumshayeli omdala onolwazi wemoto yezimpahla eziyingozi, ongakwazi ukuqeda ukulayishwa ngokuphepha nangesikhathi esifanele.

6.Kumemezela amasiko
Ngaphezu kwedatha ejwayelekile yesimemezelo samasiko, kufanele kuphawulwe ukuthi i-sodium hydroxide ingeyezimpahla ezingaphansi kokuhlolwa kwezomthetho, futhi ukuhlolwa kwempahla kufanele kuhlinzekelwe ukuthunyelwa kwamanye amazwe olwandle.

7. UMthethosivivinywa wokulayisha
Ngemuva kokuhamba komkhumbi, thatha umthethosivivinywa wokukhokha, qinisekisa nalowo ofake isicelo ukuthi uzokhipha yini umthethosivivinywa wokuqala wokulayisha noma wokuthumela ucingo, futhi uhlele imvume yokulethwa kwamasiko kanye nokulethwa kwawo ngemuva kokuba umkhumbi ufike ethekwini oya kulo.
I-sodium hydroxide ingeyizinhlobo eziyi-8 zezimpahla eziyingozi, ezingathunyelwa yi-LCL. Kodwa-ke, kufanele kuqashelwe ukuthi ayikwazi ukuxubaniswa nezinhlobo ezi-4 zezimpahla eziyingozi noma izinto ezinomsoco, futhi kufanele ihambisane ngokuqinile nezidingo zokubekwa nokuhlukaniswa kwempahla eyingozi yi-LCL.


Isikhathi seposi: 15-07-21

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